In 2015, findings from a landmark trial (the START trial) showed that the health of people living with HIV benefits from starting antiretroviral therapy earlier – rather than waiting for their immune systems to weaken. A few months later the World Health Organisation recommended that all people living with HIV should be offered treatment. South Africa started to offer treatment to all people living with HIV from September 2016. Providing treatment to around seven million people in South Africa is difficult. TAC will closely monitor the rollout of “treatment for all” and will engage in strategic advocacy to ensure it is a success.