Released by AIDS Law Project (ALP), Centre for Health Policy (CHP), Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), Public Service Accountability Monitor (PSAM), Institute for Democracy in South Africa (IDASA), Open Democracy Advice Centre (ODAC), Anglo American, Southern African HIV Clinicians Society (SAHCS), UCT School of Public Health and Family Medicine and Treatment Action Campaign (TAC)

13 September 2004


On 7 September 2004, a number of civil society organisations launched a joint civil society monitoring forum (the forum) in Polokwane, Limpopo. The forum aims to assist with the monitoring and assessment of the implementation of the Operational Plan for Comprehensive HIV and AIDS Care, Management and Treatment for South Africa (the Operational Plan) from a public health and human rights perspective. Its objective is to provide government and the public generally with an ongoing and accurate assessment of the programme’s implementation, to act as an early warning system for problems, and to help communicate successes. It would like to build a constructive relationship with national and provincial health departments, and in particular the programme’s recently appointed manager, Dr David Kalumba.

It is currently composed of the following civil society organisations:

These organisations do not represent a closed list of members. The forum is open to any organisation that is committed to the implementation of the Operational Plan. The forum therefore invites and encourages civil society organisations to join and/or participate in its work.


The goal of the forum and its common objectives are

The forum commits to ensure that people’s human rights are respected, protected, promoted and fulfilled. It aims to assist government with the acceleration of the implementation of the Operational Plan by providing vital information on treatment uptake and problems experienced so that optimal patient targets can be reached within reasonable time-periods. The forum hopes that through the provision of accurate and timely information it will assist government with reaching its objective.

The initial focus of the forum on patient targets is particularly important after the Minister of Health’s recent announcement that the patient targets for 2005 (the previous 2004 targets) are unlikely to be reached. The forum reaffirmed the importance of meeting patient targets that were set by Cabinet in November 2003 when it adopted the Operational Plan.

The forum is not however just focused on patient numbers. We are concerned that the introduction of ARVs must be done in a manner that strengthens health services and transforms our national response to the HIV epidemic into a much more effective response.

The forum noted that the recently released strategic priorities of the Department of Health for 2004-2009, identifies the ‘acceleration’ of the Operational Plan as a key activity under its priority to improve the management of communicable and non-communicable diseases. The forum hopes that through the provision of accurate and timely information it will assist government with reaching its objective.

At its first meeting, the forum considered reports about aspects of the implementation of the Operational Plan at both a national and provincial level. In addition, detailed reports on the Eastern Cape and Limpopo were presented and discussed.


Close to 8 000 people are now on ARV treatment at public facilities nationally (this figure is about 2 000 more than when the TAC and the ALP issued their joint report in July 2004) and concurs with the figure announced by the Minister of Health. The forum welcomes the progress made in scaling up treatment in some provinces and is encouraged by the efforts and determination of health care workers (HCWs) and some provincial governments in accelerating the implementation of the Operational Plan.

However, the forum recognised that in several provinces, not enough is being done to ensure access to ARV treatment for people who need treatment.

Current patient numbers

The following figures are best estimates of the numbers of patients receiving ARV treatment in public health facilities nationally– they do not include gender, age or adult-child breakdowns. However, it should be noted that the majority of patients are adults.

13 September 2004

Operational Plan March 2004 target (Revised for 2005)

Numbers on treatment

(Adults and children)



10 000


North West


1 808


Not more than 200

Northern Cape



+/- 150

Eastern Cape

8 or 9 SITES




plus MSF 380

= 504

Western Cape






24 902








5 or 6 SITES



Free State




[*SACBC 100 patients at 3 sites per year- pending]


54 004 (53 000)


The forum also noted that in provinces where monitoring of ARV treatment has commenced, such as in Khayelitsha in the Western Cape, measured outcomes after 30 months indicate that health outcomes are very good.

There is a significant demand for ARV treatment in all provinces. However, in some provinces the ability to access ARV treatment is being frustrated by long waiting lists for enrollment into care as well as to access ARVs. For example, it was reported that at one treatment site in KwaZulu-Natal, waiting lists are running into August 2005, that is, about a year from now. Reports such as these confirm that the demand for ARV treatment outweighs current capacity despite statements to the contrary by the Minister of Health in parliament.

The forum unambiguously agreed that the demand for treatment is evident in all provinces, but that in many provinces the numbers of patients on ARV treatment are minimal because the service is not yet being offered. The low patient numbers are explained by the late commencement of ARV programmes in some parts of the country, rather than lack of demand. For example, in Limpopo only one health facility is prescribing ARVs at present. In addition, in rural provinces in particular, many patients have trouble in accessing ARV treatment sites because of transport difficulties.

The forum noted that political and managerial oversight as well as overall commitment to the Operational Plan varies from province to province. It was also reported that there is a need for systematic national management and oversight, especially in respect of poorer and weaker provinces.

The most serious problems identified are listed below:

Reports also indicate that there is a severe lack of HR capacity in all provinces. For example, in provinces such as Limpopo and Mpumalanga posts that have been advertised for doctors, nurses and pharmacists are not being filled. There is also a reported over-reliance on doctors and an inappropriate use of existing human resources, such as lay counsellors and nurses.

In addition, there appears to be under-utilisation of existing capacity to implement the ARV treatment plan. This has resulted in non-accreditation of sites that are actually ready to provide ARV treatment such as the Tintswalo hospital in Limpopo. The refusal to make greater use of public private partnerships in some instances undermines site capacity.

One of the criticisms leveled at the current approach to implementing the Operational Plan is the adoption of a mechanical approach to management that undermines creative and flexible approaches to finding solutions to both infra structural and HR problems. For example:


The delays in most provinces in systematically expanding access to ARVs have caused several public health problems. First, patients are commencing treatment very late. Second, in the Eastern Cape and elsewhere, patients are dying while waiting for an opportunity to be clinically assessed (waiting lists). This is true everywhere.

The spending rate of HIV/AIDS conditional grants by provinces has been lower in the first quarter of 2004/5 when compared to the same period in 2003/4. The forum will seek an explanation from relevant provincial departments, the National Department and the National Treasury. However, the forum observed that effective monitoring of provincial spending and implementation of HIV/AIDS programmes is difficult because in some provinces provincial treatment and business plans are not publicly available and accessible.

The formal drug procurement and tender process has not been concluded yet. Although 10 companies have been short-listed, tender contracts have not been awarded. The unnecessarily slow procurement process is frustrating the efforts of some provinces to scale up speedily. It also affects provincial budgetary planning and the continued utilisation of available resources.

Important drug combinations have been omitted from the national tender. There is no transparency as to the progress being made on the fast-track registration of generic medicines, in particular, fixed-dose combinations (FDCs). The slow pace of the registration of key ARV medicines is hampering access. The forum recognised that there is a need to ensure that registration is fast-tracked. The registration of tenofovir and fixed-dose combination ARVs such as Triomune, which are crucial in improving patient adherence and resulting in better treatment outcomes must be fast-tracked. Triomune is also crucial because it contains three ARVs that form one of the two standard first-line regimens as contained in the Operational Plan. Tenofovir is not yet being used in the public sector, but in all likelihood will become required at a later point.

The National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS) appears to lack capacity at some of its laboratories that are performing CD4 and viral load tests. At these laboratories, issues of quality assurance, quality control, and information managements systems require greater attention and review. Site inspection visits may be necessary. In addition, the forum recommends that the NHLS contract out services to the private sector in areas and provinces where it lacks adequate capacity.

There is no national HR Plan that addresses HCW training, attraction, retention and attrition. The development of such a plan is urgently required within the context of the implementation of the ARV treatment plan. The ‘scarce skills and rural allowance strategy’ also needs to be fully communicated to civil society and government officials for better comprehension of its application.


The minutes of the meeting will be publicly available by 13 September 2004. It was agreed that the next forum meeting would take place at the end of November 2004.

Summary of resolutions and discussion compiled by: