Questions and Answers on TAC Civil Disobedience Campaign
Why has TAC started a civil disobedience campaign?
The HIV/AIDS epidemic is a crisis that threatens South Africa's reconstruction and development. Up to five million people are infected with HIV. AIDS is now killing over 600 people every day. For four years, TAC has campaigned for government to develop a treatment and prevention plan for HIV/AIDS and to implement antiretroviral therapy programmes. Government has not done this and there is no indication that the Department of Health intends to do this. Our activities have always been peaceful and restrained. We have made numerous efforts to work and negotiate with government. We therefore feel there is no reasonable alternative but to increase the pressure on government through a civil disobedience campaign.
What are TAC's demands?
Government must make an irreversible and unequivocal commitment to a public sector antiretroviral programme. It must also commit to signing a framework treatment and prevention plan agreement negotiated at a forum called NEDLAC.
What sort of civil disobedience activities will take place?
All civil disobedience activities will be peaceful and dignified. No physical violence will be committed and no property will be damaged. TAC volunteers will commit actions which are likely to result in their arrest.
What is the NEDLAC agreement on an HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention plan?
NEDLAC is a statutory body where agreements about how to deal with development and labour issues are negotiated. It has four sectors: government, labour, community and business. During the last few months of 2002, high-level negotiators from each of these sectors reached a draft framework agreement on an HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention plan. Agreement was reached on 28 November. The government and business negotiators then said they would refer the agreement back to their principals for signing. After some minor changes to the agreement, business has committed to signing it. However, since 28 November, government has stopped conducting proper negotiations and it has also tried to undermine NEDLAC through misrepresentations it has put forward in the media. Some of these misrepresentations are described here.
The Minister of Health refers to the NEDLAC agreement as a "TAC Discussion Document". Why is this a misrepresentation?
Senior government negotiators participated fully in the NEDLAC negotiations until the draft agreement was reached on 28 November. This is what the Deputy-President Jacob Zuma wrote to the Treatment Action Campaign on 14 November 2003: "Government is also participating actively in the NEDLAC special committee drafting a framework agreement for treatment and prevention, which again indicates our unwavering commitment to unity in action and partnerships against HIV/AIDS." Neither TAC nor Cosatu "peddled lies" or "willfully misrepresented" the nature of the agreement.
Government also made a written submission which is included in the agreement. All sides made contributions as well as compromises in the formulation of the latest text. It is not a TAC discussion document; it is an agreement reached through detailed negotiations.
The Minister of Health says nothing on antiretroviral treatment has been agreed upon in the NEDLAC agreement. Why is this a misrepresentation?
Nearly all the text on antiretroviral therapy has been agreed. Throughout the whole agreement of 15 pages, there are a few paragraphs that are still under negotiation. TAC has made it clear that government only needs to sign the part of the text that it has agreed to. If it wants to negotiate other aspects of the agreement which its negotiators agreed to, then it can continue using the NEDLAC process to do this.
The Minister of Health says government has an HIV/AIDS plan. Why is TAC saying this is not enough?
South Africa has a five-year HIV/AIDS strategic plan, which was adopted in 2000. TAC is not calling for this plan to be scrapped. We are calling for a treatment and prevention plan to strengthen the strategic plan, which says very little about treatment generally and nothing about antiretroviral treatment. The NEDLAC plan gives firm targets and timeframes for all sectors of society to take responsibility for meeting those targets.
The Minister of Health and her supporters are saying that nutrition is the critical issue. This has often been articulated through the slogan "Basic Needs First". Why is TAC saying this is wrong?
Good nutrition is essential for good health in everyone, especially for people with HIV/AIDS. However, the minister is trying to create the impression that we must choose between nutrition or treatment. This is false logic, because both are needed. Without antiretroviral treatment, over 250,000 South Africans will die of HIV/AIDS this year. For someone who has AIDS, treatment is a basic need.
Some say that TAC is obsessed with antiretrovirals and ignores other aspects of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. What is TAC's response?
Our record demonstrates that this is false. We have campaigned extensively for treatments for opportunistic infections and for social grants. Our numerous treatment literacy workshops address issues such as prevention and nutrition. It is actually people who deny the link between HIV and AIDS, as well as the Minister of Health who are obsessively and irrationally opposed to antiretroviral treatment. This has resulted in this issue being controversial and receiving so much attention in the media.
Some have accused TAC of being anti-government. Is this true?
The TAC supports the efforts of government to reconstruct and develop SA, to eradicate poverty and create equality. It is because we support this agenda that we demand an end to political denial about HIV. Our demonstrations, petitions, court cases etc are all an affirmation of the rights we won under our new Constitution. We supported the Government's court case against the pharmaceutical industry in 2001 and we have run a campaign which has resulted in a donation of an essential medicine called fluconazole to the public health sector.
Is TAC saying that Government has done nothing about HIV/AIDS?
Government has made some important achievements that we acknowledge and support. For example, the state is currently implementing mother-to-child transmission prevention and post-exposure prophylaxis for rape survivors. The Minister of Finance has put aside money for HIV/AIDS for the next three years, some of which could be used to start antiretroviral treatment programmes.
Who in Government is responsible for the failure of Government to make treatment more accessible?
During the civil disobedience campaign, the TAC will present a large body of evidence that shows that the Minister of Health has known about the extent of the HIV epidemic and that she has had the resources to alleviate the epidemic yet she has negligently and willfully failed to act to improve the situation. The TAC will also present evidence that the Minister of Trade and Industry has had the resources to take action to reduce the prices of HIV/AIDS medicines but has negligently and willfully failed to do this. The TAC holds these two cabinet ministers responsible for Government's failure to implement an HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention plan.